7. The Unity of India Culture – Humanyun Kabir
Q. 1. What has been the policy of the Indians in all spheres of life
Ans. “Live and let live” has been the policy of the Indians in all spheres of life.
Q. 2. What does the experience of European countries give us ?
Ans. The experience of European countries gives us cases of civilization without culture.
Q. 3. Where have old civilization and culture grown and changed ?
Ans. Old civilization and culture have grown and changed in India and China.
Q. 4. Who has delivered the speech “The Unity of Indian Culture’?
Ans. Humayun Kabir has delivered the speech ‘The Unity of Indian Culture’.
Q.5. What is preferable to fanatic devotion ?
Ans. Toleration is perhaps preferable to the fanatic devotion which leads to the devial and persecution of all other values but its own.
Q. 6. How were the Aryans regarded till recently ?
Ans. Till recently, the Aryans were regarded as the earliest invaders of India. It was believed that they came to a country which was savage and uncivilized.
Q.7. How did the pre-Aryans build up a new civilization ?
Ans. The pre-Aryans had come to India before the Aryans arrived. They had displaced the people who were liging here. They built up a new civilization which was remarkable for its extent and depth. Their civilization was better than that of the Aryans who came to India after them.
Q.8. The fast life of the western society is compelling the westerners to turn to India. Discuss.
Ans. The western have turned the speedy business of life. Western world is too fast paced life whereas life in India is still full of leisure and peace. In western country the hectic behaviour of people has perplexed them and made them restless, On the other hand immaterial life of India gives peace and solace to the people. So the westerners are compelled to turn to India.
Q.9. Which spirit underlies the changes of Indian history ?
Ans. The spirit of unity underlies the changes of Indian history, There is diversity in the dresses, customs, beliefs and ways of life of the people of India. Indian culture is a blend of many elements but there is unity beneath this diversity.
Q. 10. How does Humayun Kabir define civilization ?
Ans. Humayun Kabir defines civilization as the organisation of society. It makes civil socieiy possible and creates suitable conditions for the development of culture. Therefore, there can be i no culture without civilization. There may be civilization which
has not yet developed its culture.
Q.11. How does Humayun Kabir define culture ?
Ans. Humayun Kabir defines culture as the flowering of civilization. It expresses itself through language and art, through philosophy and religion. It is reflected in social habits and customs, political institutions and economic organisations. They collectively constitute culture. There can be no culture without civilization.
Q.12. What does Humayun Kabir say about toleration ? Or, What has been the policy of the Indians in all spheres of Or, Explain the meaning of ‘live and let live’.
Ans. Humayun Kabir says that toleration is one of the main features of Indian culture. ‘Live and let live’ has been the policy of the Indians in all spheres of life. This principle means that the different ways of life should be allowed to survive.
Q.13. What, according to the author, is the most remarkable feature of Indian culture ? Or, What, in the opinion of Humayun Kabir, is the most remarkable feature of Indian culture ?
Ans. According to Humayun Kabir, the most remarkable feature of Indian culture is its spirit of unity. Many races and tribes came to India one after another. They had their own distinct cultures but they were soon absorbed in Indian culture.
Q. 14. How is Indian culture different from the cultures of other countries?
Ans. Indian culture is different from the cultures of other countries. It is remarkable for unity and continuity. It has a unique capacity of absorbing external influences. There is unity in diversity in Indian culture. The Indian society has capacity of readjustment and toleration. Unlike the cultures of other countries, Indian culture is as extensive as its civilisation itself. All classes are equally cultured in India. In European countries there is a culture gap between the poor and the rich.
Q.15. Define culture and civilization in the light of the story. The unity of Indian culture.
Ans. Culture : According to Humayun Kabir culture is always a complex of many strands of varying importance and vitality, Unity and universality must belong to culture.
Civilization : According to Humayun Kabir, civilization is the organisation of society which creates the condition of culture.
Q.16. What in your opinion are the characteristic featus of Indian culture ?
Ans. Indian culture is unique. It has some special features which are not found in other cultures of the world. In spite of veriety of forms there is a remarkable unity in Indian culture. This underlying unity is one of the most remarkable features of our culture. In volume and duration no culture of any other country except the Chinese culture can be compared with it.
Q.17. What is the capacity of readjustment exhibited in the Indian society? Is it the strength or the weakness of Indian society ?
Ans. History tells us that the Indian society has always exhibited the capacity of readjustment. Many races came to India in the past. They had their own civilisations and cultures. They appeace the scene as victors but they were soon absorbed in the vanquished people. The existing Indian society readjusted to changes.The capacity of readjustment exhibited in the Indian society is its strength.
Q. 18. Explain clearly the difference between culture and civilisation.
Ans. Civilisation of life makes civil society possible, culture, on the other hand, is the resultant of such organisation and expresses itself through language and art, through philosophy and religion, through social habits and customs and through political institutions and economic organisations.
Q. 19. Discuss the main ideas contained in “The Unity of Indian Culture.Or Summarize the ideas of the piece “The Unity of Indian Culture. Or. What does Humayun Kabir say about Indian culture ?
Ans. Humayun Kabir says that Indian culture is a blend of several racial and cultural elements. There is unity in diversity in India. Indian culture is a living culture. It has survived for a long time because the Indian society has unique capacity of readjustment. Indians are by nature tolerant. Toleration has enabled them to maintain unity in diversity.
Class 10th English Subjective 2022
|S.N||ENGLISH PROSE SECTION SUBJECTIVE|
|1||The Pace For Living|
|2||Me And The Ecology Bit|
|4||What Is Wrong with Indian Film|
|6||Once Upon A Time|
|7||The Unity Of Indian Culture|
|8||Little Girl Wiser Than Man|
|S.N||ENGLISH POETRY SECTION SUBJECTIVE|
|1||God Made The Country|
|2||Ode On Solitude|
|4||Thinner Than A Crescent|
|5||The Empty Heart|
|7||The Sleeping Porter|
|S.N||Supplementry English Reader -II|
|1||The January Night|
|5||Sun And Moon|